Steroids are naturally occurring compounds found in almost all living organisms. They perform a wide range of metabolic, regenerative, protective, and therapeutic roles. Many steroids (e.g., prednisone, hydrocortisone) have synthetic derivatives which can be used for the treatment of acute injuries. Steroids are commonly prescribed to treat:
Anabolic steroids are also used for the treatment of childhood ailments, such as leukemia, bone disease, enamel failure, and various diseases affecting the immune system. When injected into a child, anabolic steroids help stimulate the growth of the skeletal and cardiac cells. This helps improve the health and functioning of the bones. They may cause inflammation of the lungs, heart, liver, or kidneys, though rare, and should be avoided in children. Long-term use may cause cancer, particularly renal cell carcinoma.
Corticosteroids, or steroidal hormones, are a group of chemicals that function by regulating the immune system. A steroid is an enzyme-like substance that combines with other substances in the body to produce a range of effects. Corticosteroids may treat arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and migraine headaches. Since steroids generally work by reducing the levels of the hormones that build up in the blood, they are sometimes referred to as “steroids outlet.”
The FDA and European Union deemed oral corticosteroids as Schedule II drugs, meaning they are considered to be likely to be addictive and have high risk of abuse and addiction. Children and adults take the drugs for non-therapeutic purposes, but the FDA has warned that continued use of oral corticosteroids may increase the risk of serious health problems, including heart attacks, strokes, kidney failures, and high blood pressure. Patients with existing heart disease should avoid taking oral corticosteroids. The risk of these problems increases dramatically when the drug is taken in combination with other drugs. If taken on their own, steroids pose a combination of risks such as liver damage, heart problems, and high blood pressure.
Anabolic steroids also affect body hair. Hair growth in adults with anabolic steroids use is normal, but when used illegally, this hair loss is not considered to be considered a medical problem. Some abusers will grow facial hair and body hair at an abnormal rate. Body hair growth can be abnormal because the anabolic steroids affect normal male and female hormone production. When used in conjunction with other hormones, anabolic steroids can cause breast development in boys and gynecomastia in girls.
Both males and females produce testosterone, which is the primary sex hormone. Drugs containing anabolic steroids stimulate the body’s production of testosterone, which leads to the development of some unwanted side effects such as irritability, hair growth in areas that should not be, and sexual changes in both males and females. These drugs are illegal because they are illegal substances. If you are interested in using anabolic steroids, talk to your doctor to find out whether or not these drugs are right for you.